Information

Dynasty

Bundela

State

Madhya Pradesh

Gun Salutes

11

Agency

Central India Agency

Accession

1st January 1950

Revenue

INR 500,000

Villages

1,008 (1901)

Area

6,724 Square Kilometers km²

Population

192,986 (1901)

Privy Purse

INR 147,300

Hindi Name

पन्ना

Last Updated

28th Jul, 2017

Present Head

HH Maharaja Mahendra RAGVENDRA SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur, 16th and present Maharaja of Panna since 8th October 2009 (Raj Mandir Palace, Panna, Madhya Pradesh, India) born in Bombay, married in 1998 to Maharani Jiteshwari Judevi, born , daughter of Rajawat Thakur Shivprakash Singh of Thikana Shiwar in Jaipur State by his wife Thakurani Narendra Kanwar, daughter of Kumpawat Thakur Jaswant Singh of Dhanla in Jodhpur State.
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History

Predecessor state founded about 1450, the modern state of Panna was founded in 1731, becoming the capital of Maharaja Chhatar Sal. Champat Rai, a descendant of Raja Rudra Pratap of Orchha, rebelled against the Mughals, later his fourth son, Maharaja Chhatar Sal, became the most prominent Bundela leader, as well as being a good administrator and a brave warrior, who led a revolt in 1671 against the Mughal Empire and soon captured Naugaon in present-day Chhatarpur District. In 1680 he conquered Mahoba, and went on to control much of Bundelkhand, ruling from Panna. He formed an alliance with the Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao I, who was challenging the Mughals for control of central India, and in 1729, Baji Rao sent a Maratha army to aid Chhatar Sal against the Mughals. Upon his death in 1731, his kingdom was divided amongst his sons, with one-third (including Mahoba, Banda, and Jhansi) going to his ally, the Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao I. The portion containing Panna went to Harde Sah, the eldest son of Chhatar Sal, other descendants ruled the states of Panna, Ajaigarh (founded 1765), Charkhari (founded 1765), Chhatarpur (went to the Ponwar Rajputs in 1785), and Jaso. In the early 19th century, Panna became a princely state of British India, and gained control of the states of Sohawal and Nagod. Raja Nirpat Singh assisted the British in the Revolt of 1857, and the British rewarded him with the title of Maharaja. Maharaja Mahendra Yadvendra Singh acceded to the Government of India on 1st January 1950, and the former Princely State became Panna District of the new Indian state of Vindhya Pradesh. Vindhya Pradesh was merged into Madhya Pradesh on 1st November 1950.
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Genealogy

  • Raja HARDE SAH, 1st Raja of Panna 1731/1739, eldest son of Raja Chhatarsal, received Panna from his father, valued at 39 lakhs annually in 1731, sacked the Rewah State in about 1731, causing Raja Avadhoot Singh to flee to Pratapgarh in Oudh, married and had issue. He died .
    • Raja Sabha Singh (qv)
    • Rajkumar Prithvi Singh, claimed the succession after his father's death, and with the help of the Marathas managed to take control of the Shahgarh area of Panna state, becoming its first Raja around 1744, married and had issue.
      • Several generations
        • Raja Mardan Singh, Raja of Garhakotah fl.1810, married and had issue. He died about 1810.
          • Raja Arjun Singh of Shahgarh, died .
          • Kumar (name unknown), married and had issue.
            • Raja Bakht Bali Singh, Raja of Shahgarh, he joined the Mutiny in 1857, but later gave himself up and was imprisoned. He died after 1869.
  • Raja SABHA SINGH, 2nd Raja of Panna 1739/1752, married and had issue. He died .
    • Raja Aman Singh (qv)
    • Raja Hindupat Singh (qv)
  • Raja AMAN SINGH, 3rd Raja of Panna 1752/1758, constructed a palace at Fort Kalinjer, donated Alipura pargana to Rao Mukund Singh, a sardar of Panna, died , murdered by his brother.
  • Raja HINDUPAT SINGH, 4th Raja of Panna 1758/1778, constructed Jugal Kishore Temple at Panna, he granted territory of Maihar to his Minister Beni Hujoori [Hazuri] in 1778, married and had issue. He died .
    • Raja Anirudh Singh (qv)
    • Raja Dhokal Singh (qv)
  • Raja ANIRUDH SINGH, 5th Raja of Panna 1778/1779, succeeded his father after an older brother was overlooked in the succession, being a minor, the state was managed by Beni Hazuri and Khemraj Chaube, a Brahmin, and Sonesah Ponwar, who as a result of their jealousy and suspicions of each other, caused the state to fall into civil war which was intensified by the death of the Raja, and the rivalry of numerous claimants. During this period the area of Panna State was much reduced as these three carved out for themselves Maihar, Paldeo and Chhatarpur respectively, as free states. Ultimately Dhokal Singh, brother of Raja Anirudh Singh was able to establish himself on the gaddi. He died .
  • INTERREGNUM 1779/1785
  • Raja DHOKAL SINGH, 6th Raja of Panna 1785/1798, married and had issue.
    • Raja Kishor Singh (qv)
  • Raja KISHOR SINGH, 7th Raja of Panna 1798/1834 (1840), confirmed in his possessions by sanads granted in 1807 and 1811, constructed Jaggananth ji temple at Panna, was awarded control of Sohawal state and Nagod state by the British authorities, married and had issue.
    • Raja Harbans Singh Ju Deo Bahadur [Harbans Rai] (qv)
    • Maharaja Mahendra Nirpat Singh Ju Deo Bahadur (qv)
  • Raja HARBANS SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur, 8th Raja of Panna 1834/1849.
  • Maharaja Mahendra NIRPAT SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur, 9th Maharaja of Panna 1849/1870, assisted the British during the mutiny, by holding the forst of Kalinjar and clearing Damoh District of rebels, for which he was rewarded with a khilat worth 20,000Rs, and the Samaria pargana, and in 1869 was granted the title of Maharaja as a personal distinction. In 1862 a sanad of adoption was granted him, and in 1863 he ceded the land required for the East Indian Railway, constructed Lokpal Sagar (Tank) near Panna, developed the commercial area in Panna known as Bada Bajar, constructed the Ram Janki temple at Panna, married and had issue.
    • HH Maharaja Mahendra Sir Rudra Pratap Singh Ju Deo Bahadur (qv)
    • HH Maharaja Mahendra Lokpal Singh Ju Deo Bahadur (qv)
    • Kunwar Lakshman Singh Ju Deo, adopted by Rao Bhopal Singh of Jigni and succeeded there as Rao Lakshman Singh II Bahadur of Jigni.
    • Rao Raja Khuman Singh Ju Deo, married and had issue. He was murdered in June 1901.
      • Capt. HH Maharaja Mahendra Sir Yadvendra Singh Ju Deo Bahadur (qv)
      • HH Maharani Padmini Kunverba Sahiba, married 18th June 1917, Lt.-Col. HH Maharana Shri Sir Vijaysinhji Chhatrasinhji Sahib, Maharaja of Rajpipla, and had issue.
  • HH Maharaja Mahendra Sir RUDRA PRATAP SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur, 10th Maharaja of Panna 1870/1893, born , succeeded 9th June 1870, K.C.S.I. [cr.1876], granted the title of Maharaja, which was made hereditary, and received an addition of 2 guns to his salute as a personal honour in 1877, one of the best rulers of Panna, he constructed Baldeoji Temple and Govindji Temple, constructed many roads and cavelets and a bridge over the river in Panna, also constructed the Ajaigarh ghat. He died sp.
  • HH Maharaja Mahendra LOKPAL SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur, 11th Maharaja of Panna 1893/1898, married (amongst others), HH Maharani Sujan Kanwar, and had issue. He died .
    • HH Maharaja Mahendra Madho Singh Ju Deo Bahadur (qv)
  • HH Maharaja Mahendra MADHO SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur, 12th Maharaja of Panna 1898/1902, constructed the Mahendra Bhavan Palace in Panna, deposed for complicity in the murder of his uncle, Rao Raja Khuman Singh. He died after 1925.
  • Col. HH Maharaja Mahendra Sir YADVENDRA SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur, 13th Maharaja of Panna 1902/1963, born , K.C.I.E. [cr.1.1.1922], K.C.S.I. [cr.1.1.1932], son of Rao Raja Khuman Singh, educated at Mayo College, Ajmer; invested with full ruling powers on 4th February 1915, appointed UpRaj Pramukh of Vindhya Pradesh after the merger of his state into the Indian Republic; married 1stly, 1912, HH Maharani Shri Manhar Kunverba, died , daughter of HH Maharaja Raol Shri Bhavsinhji II Takhatsinhji of Bhavnagar, and his first wife, HH Maharani Dev Kunverba Sahiba, married 2ndly, 1928, HH Maharani Shri Gopal Kumari, daughter of Thakur Saheb Sawai Singhji, Raja Saheb of Isarda, and his wife, Thakurani Sugan Kunwar, and had issue. He died .
    • HH Maharaja Mahendra Narendra Singh Ju Deo Bahadur (qv)
    • HH Maharani Kanchan Prabha Devi (eldest daughter), married 28th May 1931, Capt. HH Bisam-Samar-Bijayi Mahamahodya Pancha-Srijukta Maharaja Manikya Sir Bir Bikram Kishore Dev Varman Bahadur of Tripura.
    • Maharaj Pushpendra Singh, born , educated at Mayo College, Ajmer (Class-Captain 1935/36).
    • Maharajkumari Indira Kumari, born , died unmarried 16th June 2006 at Rajmandir Palace, Panna.
    • Maharajkumari Pushpa Kumari Devi, born , married 11th February 1940, Maharaj Kumar Nagendra Singh of Dungarpur. She died .
    • Maharajkumari Sarla Kumari
    • Maharajkumari Nirmala Devi, born , married 30th November 1951, Rana Ramchandra Pal Singh of Bhajji, and had issue. She died .
  • HH Maharaja Mahendra NARENDRA SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur, 14th Maharaja of Panna 1963/-, born , educated at Mayo College, Ajmer; Member of the Legislative Assembly of Madhya Pradesh in 1957, 1962 and 1967; Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) in 1971 from Satna; Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) in 1977, from Damoh; Social worker and founder of many educational institutions in Panna; married 24th February 1937 at Kathmandu in Nepal, HH Maharani Durga Rajya Laxmi Devi, daughter of Lt.-Gen. Maharajkumar Shingha Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana of Lambjang and Kaski in Nepal, and had issue.
    • HH Maharaja Mahendra Manvendra Singh Ju Deo Bahadur (qv)
    • Maharaj Lokendra Singh, Member of the Legislative Assembly (Madhya Pradesh) in 1977 and 1993, Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) in 1989, married Rani Nishi Kumari [n�e Baisa Indira Kumari], daughter of Major Apji Abhay Singh of Palaitha, and his wife, Rani Chand Kumari, and has issue.
      • Rajkumari Kamaksha Kumari Devi, married Rajkumar Preetendra Singh of Nagod.
      • Rajkumari Sulakshana Kumari [Yuvrani Sahib Sulakshana Kumari of Bhinga], married (as his first wife), 22nd January 1995, Yuvaraj Rudramani Kant Singh of Bhinga. She died sp 29th July 1998.
    • Maharajkumari Kumkum Kumari, married Yuvaraj Balwant Singh of Chhatarpur, died , and has issue, one son.
  • HH Maharaja Mahendra MANVENDRA SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur, 15th Maharaja of Panna -/2009, born in Mussoorie, educated at Mayo College, Ajmer; married HH Maharani Dilhar Kumari, fourth daughter of HH Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavsinhji of Bhavnagar, and his wife, HH Maharani Vijayba Sahiba, and had issue. He died .
    • Yuvaraj Ragvendra Singh (succeeded as HH Maharaja Mahendra Ragvendra Singh Ju Deo Bahadur) (qv)
    • Maharajkumari Krishna Kumari, born , married 4th February 1995 (div. May 2004), Kunwar Purujit Singh, born , son of Rajkumar Tara Singh of Koti.
  • HH Maharaja Mahendra RAGVENDRA SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur (see above)
OTHER MEMBERS:
  • Rajkumar Hira Singh, Honourary Lieutenant 1914/-
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