Himachal Pradesh

Gun Salutes



Punjab States Agency


12th October 1948


INR 100,000 (1891)




1,173 Square Kilometers km²


100,994 (1931)

Privy Purse

INR 70,000

Hindi Name


Last Updated

8th Aug, 2017

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H.H. Raja Dr. GOPAL CHAND, MA (Cantab), PhD (Cantab), 45th Raja of Bilaspur since 26th October, 1983 (Raja Gopal Chand Palace, Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, India and “Anand Mahal”, 2 Hardy Road, Blackheath, London SE3 7NR (UK). H.H Raja Dr. Gopal Chand was born on . As per Late H.H. Raja Anand Chand’s wishes, Tikka Gopal Chand performed his father's funeral rites, lit the funeral pyre and kirya ceremony. On 26th October, 1983, on ‘RASAM PAGRI DAY’ Tikka Gopal Chand was installed as the 45th Ruler H.H.Raja Gopal Chand of Bilaspur. Raja Gopal Chand was educated at the City of London School for Boys, London. He achieved four ‘A’ Grades in A Level Maths(A), Further Maths(A), Physics(A), Chemistry(A) and S Levels: Maths(merit), Physics (distinction). He received his MA in 1990 and PhD in 1995 for his thesis entitled "Aberration Determination and Compensation High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy" from Trinity College Cambridge University in the United Kingdom. H.H. Raja Gopal Chand has written several publications. He married Rani Lakshmi Chand (M.Sc. London) in 1996, daughter of Major Gandharb Singh Rana. They have issue, one son and a daughter.
  • Tikka Raj Chand, born O ctober, 1997.
  • Rajkumari Jaya Chand, born N ovember, 1999.
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Bilaspur is lying in the foothills of the Himalays and Bilaspur town is situated on the banks of Sutlej River which divides the State into two equal halves called the Parla (Trans)and the Warla(Cis) Mandi and Kangra bordered on the North, on the west by the Hosharpur District, on the South by Nalagarh and the East by Baghal and Suket. The Capital of the State was originally at Jhandhari and then at Kot Kehloor, but was later transferred to Bilaspur. Its Rulers were members of the Kheloorea Clan of the Chandravanshi Rajputs.

Bilaspur was founded by Raja Bir Chand in 697 AD when his father Raja Harihar Chand, on his way to Jwalamukhi in Kangra from the ancestral home at Chanderi in Madya Pradesh, was killed by the then Raja of Kangra and Bir Chand as the eldest of the four brothers decided not to go back home. He established a small fort at Kot-Kahloor in the low lying area below the peak of Shri Naina Devi (Goddess Durga) whose Temple he erected on top of the Hill. He died in 730A.D.

“Bilaspur - A People Betrayed”, book by HH Raja Sir ANAND CHAND

“Bilaspur - Past, Present and Future”, book by HH Raja Sir ANAND CHAND

Detailed history of HH Raja Sir ANAND CHAND

Speeches given by HH Raja Anand Chand in Himachal Pradesh Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly)

Click here to view some letters sent to HH Raja Sir ANAND CHAND by some eminent personalities of India such as Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and V.P. Menon.

Memorandum of Settlement between HH Raja Anand Chand and Rajkumari Rajeshwari

Other Letters from Bilaspur.

Other documents and pictures from Bilaspur: Set-1, Set-2.

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  • Raja Hari Har Chand, 70th Chanderi King, married and had issue. He died 697 or 880.
    • Raja Govind Chand, 71st Chanderi King in succession to his father.
    • Raja Bir Chand (qv)
    • Mian Sabir Chand, died 697 or 880.
    • Raja Kabir Chand, founder and first Raja of Kumaon.
    • Raja Gambhir Chand, founder and first Raja of Chenani.
  • Raja BIR CHAND, 1st Raja of 'Kahlur' 697/730 or fl.880, founder, subjugated 15 neighbouring states but was ultimately checked by the Raja of Sirmur, with whom he made peace.
  • Raja UDHRAN CHAND, 2nd Raja of Kahlur.
  • Raja JASKARN CHAND, 3rd Raja of Kahlur.
  • Raja MADANBRAHM CHAND, 4th Raja of Kahlur.
  • Raja AHL CHAND, 5th Raja of Kahlur.
  • Raja KAHAL CHAND, 6th Raja of Kahlur 894/902, he built Kot Kahlur, giving its name to the state.
  • Raja SLAR CHAND, 7th Raja of Kahlur.
  • Raja MEN CHAND, 8th Raja of Kahlur.
  • Raja SEN CHAND, 9th Raja of Kahlur.
  • Raja SULKHAN CHAND, 10th Raja of Kahlur.
  • Raja KAHN CHAND, 11th Raja of Kahlur 1057/1099, conquered Hindur and gave it to his second son, Sujit Chand, from whom the ruling line of Nalagarh is descended, married and had issue.
    • Raja Ajit Chand (qv)
    • Raja Sujit Chand, founder of Hindur (later Nalagarh).
    • Mian Tegh Chand
  • Raja AJIT CHAND, 12th Raja of Kahlur 1099/-
  • Raja GOKAL CHAND, 13th Raja of Kahlur.
  • Raja UDAI CHAND, 14th Raja of Kahlur 1133/1143
  • Raja GEN CHAND, 15th Raja of Kahlur.
  • Raja PRITHVI CHAND, 16th Raja of Kahlur.
  • Raja SANGAR CHAND, 17th Raja of Kahlur 1197/1220, married and had issue, ten sons, seven of whom founded jagiri families, existing to the present day (1910).
    • Raja Megh Chand (qv)
    • Mian Kali Chand, ancestor of the rulers of Ramgarh in Haryana.
  • Raja MEGH CHAND, 18th Raja of Kahlur 1220/1251, forced to flee a rebellion by his subjects which was eventually put down with the help of the Sultan of Delhi.
  • Raja DEV CHAND, 19th Raja of Kahlur.
  • Raja AHIM CHAND, 20th Raja of Kahlur.
  • Raja ABHISAND CHAND, 21st Raja of Kahlur 1302/1317.
  • Raja SAMPURAN CHAND, 22nd Raja of Kahlur 1317/1355.
  • Raja RATTAN CHAND, 23rd Raja of Kahlur 1355/1406.
  • Raja NARANDAR CHAND, 24th Raja of Kahlur.
  • Raja FATH CHAND, 25th Raja of Kahlur.
  • Raja PAHAR CHAND, 26th Raja of Kahlur.
  • Raja RAM CHAND, 27th Raja of Kahlur.
  • Raja UTTAM CHAND, 28th Raja of Kahlur.
  • Raja GYAN CHAND, 29th Raja of Kahlur 1518/1555, forced to convert to Islam, after quarrelling with the Governor of Sirhind and being defeated in battle, married (amongst others), the daughter of the Muslim Governor of Sirhind, and had issue. He died and was buried at Kiratpur.
    • Raja Bikram Chand (qv)
    • Mian Ram Chand, converted to Islam.
    • Mian Bhim Chand, converted to Islam.
  • Raja BIKRAM CHAND, 30th Raja of Kahlur 1555/1593 (abdicated), married (a), daughter of Raja Triloka Chand of Kangra, married (b), a daughter of Rana Pratap Chand of Baghal, and had issue. He died .
    • Raja Sultan Chand (by 1st wife) (qv)
    • Mian Kesab Chand (by 2nd wife)
    • Rani Prakash Devi, married Raja Sahib Sen, Raja of Mandi.
  • Raja SULTAN CHAND, 31st Raja of Kahlur 1593/1600, married and had issue. He died .
    • Raja Kalyan Chand (qv)
  • Raja KALYAN CHAND, 32nd Raja of Kahlur 1600/1636, married (amongst others) a daughter of Raja Shyam Sen of Suket, she committed sati, 1645, and had issue, eight sons. He died .
    • Raja Tara Chand (qv)
    • Mian Manak Chand
  • Raja TARA CHAND, 33rd Raja of Kahlur 1636/1653, married and had issue. He died .
    • Raja Dip Chand (qv)
  • Raja DIP CHAND, 34th Raja of Kahlur 1653/1665, provided assistance to the Mughal Emperor, for which he received a khillat of 5 lakhs and a sanad authorising his suzerainty over 22 states; he transferred the capital to Bilaspur; married (a), Rani Kunkam Devi of Kullu, married (b), Rani Jalal Devi, daughter of Raja Shyam Sen of Mandi, and had issue. He died at Nadaon, poisoned to death by the Raja of Kangra.
    • Raja Bhim Chand (by 2nd wife) (qv)
    • Mian Dhan Chand (by 2nd wife)
  • Raja BHIM CHAND, 35th Raja of Bilaspur 1665/1692 (abdicated), born about 1651, spent the last few years of his life as a fakir after abdicating in favour of his son, married and had issue. He died about 1712.
    • Raja Ajmer Chand (qv)
  • Raja AJMER CHAND, 36th Raja of Bilaspur 1692/1738, he was a formidible military ruler, and forced a number of neighbouring states to pay tribute; married (amongst others) (a), daughter of Raja Fateh Shah of Garhwal, married (b), a Princess of Sirmur, and had issue, seven sons. He died (1741).
    • Raja Devi Chand (by Rani Garhwali) (qv)
    • Mian Shakt Chand (by Rani Garhwali), married and had issue.
      • Mian Bishnu Chand, married and had issue.
        • Raja Jagat Chand [Mian Jangi Singh](qv)
    • Mian Chiman Singh, married and had issue.
      • Mian Ajudhia Das
      • Mian Ram Das
    • Mian Suchet Singh (by Rani Sirmuri), ancestor of Mian Changhnian Chand.
    • Mian Zorawar Singh (by Rani Sirmuri), Wazir of Bilaspur 1778/1793, married and had issue. He died .
      • Mian Indar Singh
      • Mian Man Singh
      • Mian Dalel Singh
  • Raja DEVI CHAND, 37th Raja of Bilaspur 1738/1778, waged war against Kangra and Nalagarh, married (a), a Katoch Princess of Kangra, married (b), a daughter of Rana Mehar Chand of Baghal, married (c), a daughter of Rana Anup Singh of Kumharsain, and had issue. He died .
    • Raja Mahan Chand (qv)
  • Raja MAHAN CHAND, 38th Raja of Bilaspur 1778/1824, born , during his reign the state was overrun by the Gurkhas from 1803 to 1815, and after their expulsion, the state was confirmed to the Raja by a sanad from the British Government, dated 6th March 1815, he waged war with Nalagarh and Kangra, and lost Dhar Kot to the Sikhs, married and had issue. He died .
    • Raja Kharak Chand (qv)
  • Raja KHARAK CHAND, 39th Raja of Bilaspur 1824/1839, born , married (amongst others) (a), Rani Tripta Devi, married (b), a daughter of Rana Shiv Saran Singh, Rana of Baghal, and had issue. He died at Bilaspur leaving three widows, including two daughter of Raja Karam Prakash II of Sirmur.
    • Raja Garabh Chand Sahib, born posthumously in 1839, lost his claim to the gaddi in the dispute decided by the British government in favour of his nearest relation Jagat Chand, married and had issue.
      • Raja Kishan Chand, married and had issue.
        • Kunwar Ganga Singh
        • Kunwar Ishwari Singh, held the post of Mewar Vakil, married and had issue. He died .
          • Kunwar Surendra Singh Chandel, settled at Udaipur where he worked as purchasing officer with BIRLAS, married Kunwarani Narendra Kumari of Mendhsor (Shekhawat), and had issue.
            • Kunwar Gajraj Singh Chandel, M.Com., born in Jaipur, Rajasthan, married 7th May 1987, Kunwarani Neera Singh Sisodia, daughter of Thakur Himmat Singh of Nandli, and has issue.
              • Kunwar Takshsheel Singh, born .
          • Kunwar Gajender Singh, born , married Kunwarani Harsidh Kanwar, and had issue. He died .
            • Kunwar Harshwardhan Singh, married and has issue.
              • Kunwar Yashwardhan Singh
              • Kumari Sonu Kumari
            • Kunwar Ashwani Chandela, born in Bikaner, married 2nd April 2002 in Bikaner, Kunwarani Suman Rathore, and has issue, one daughter.
              • Kumari Chhavi Singh Chandela
          • Kunwar Harender Singh, he settled in Bikaner, Rajasthan.
          • Kumari Chitra Kumari, married Maharaj Shri Udai Singhji of Ralawata, and had issue, one son and three daughters.
        • Kunwar Pradyumna Singh
  • Raja JAGAT CHAND, 40th Raja of Bilaspur 1839/1850 (abdicated), installed April 1839, married and had issue. He died .
    • Mian Narpat Chand, married and had issue. He died or 1850.
      • Raja Hira Chand (qv)
      • Kumari (name unknown), married in October 1848, HH Maharaja Ranbir Singhji of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Raja HIRA CHAND, 41st Raja of Bilaspur 1850/1882, born , he rendered good service during the Mutiny of 1857, and was rewarded with a salute of 11 guns, married a daughter of the Raja of Rajpur [Raipur] in Ambala, and had issue. He died .
    • HH Raja Amar Chand Sahib Bahadur (qv)
    • Kumari (name unknown), married Raja Jai Singh of Dada-Siba, and had issue.
  • HH Raja AMAR CHAND Sahib Bahadur, 42nd Raja of Bilaspur 1883/1889, born , married (a), the daughter of Kanwar Jai Singh of Baghal, married (b), Rani Panwariji from Tehri-Garhwal, married (c), another daughter of Kanwar Jai Singh of Baghal, married (d), a daughter of Rana Bhawani Singh, Rana of Kumharsain, married (e), another daughter of Rana Bhawani Singh, Rana of Kumharsain, and had issue. He died .
    • Maj. HH Raja Sir Bijai Chand (by Rani Panwariji) (qv)
    • Kumari (name unknown), married into Kashipur.
    • Kumari (name unknown), married Tikka Ugar Sen of Keonthal.
    • Kumari (name unknown), married Maharaja Jai Chand VI of Kangra-Lambagraon.
    • Kumari (name unknown), married Major Raja Baldev Singh of Poonch.
    • Kumari (name unknown), married Major Raja Baldev Singh of Poonch.
    • Mian Sohan Singh, married and had issue.
      • Kanwar Isher Singh [?same as Kanwar Ishwari Singh (see below)]
      • Kanwar Mohinder Singh
  • Maj. HH Raja Sir BIJAI CHAND K.C.S.I., 43rd Raja of Bilaspur [3-2-1889] - [18-2-1927] (abdicated), born (1872), educated at Aitchison Chiefs College, Lahore, he succeeded to the gaddi as a minor on 3rd February 1889, and was granted full ruling powers in 1893; he was created a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India (C.S.I.) in 1911, and a Knight Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India (K.C.S.I.) in 1917, appointed a Member of thec Executive Council of Bengal in 1919, he abdicated in favour of his son on 18th February 1927; married 1898, (amongst others), HH Rani Suraj Devi, born , died , daughter of Raja Balbir Singh of Mankot, and had issue, as well as further issue by secondary unions. He died in at Benares.
    • HH Raja Sir Anand Chand (by Rani Suraj Devi) (qv)
    • Mian Shiv Singh (by a secondary marriage), born , married a daughter of Raja Raghunath Singh, Raja of Guler, and had issue. He died .
      • Kanwarani Shanta Kumari, born in in Bilaspur, married in 1943, Kanwar Kashmir Singh of Mandi, and had issue, one son.
  • HH Raja Sir ANAND CHAND, 44th Raja of Bilaspur 1933/1983, born , succeeded on 18th February 1927 on his father's abdication; installed 1928 and granted full ruling powers on 9th January 1933; educated at Mayo College, Ajmer; Chief Commissioner of Bilaspur 1948/1950; Member of the Constituent Assembly 1948, the Lok Sabha 1952/1957 and the Rajya Sabha 1958/1964 and 1964/1970; Author of "Bilaspur - Past, Present and Future"; married 1stly, 18th May 1931 HH Rani Umawati Kumari, born , died 12th/13th March 1961, daughter of Raja Rana Sir Bhagat Chand Bahadur of Jubbal, and his first wife, Rani Tara Devi, they had two sons and two daughters. Married 2ndly, 1969, Rani Sudarshana Kumari, born , daughter of Kanwar Mehar Chand of Bhojpur, and had issues, 2 sons. He died in London. (Detailed History)
    • Yuvraj Rajendra Chand (from 1st wife), born , studied in Bombay but he became ill in 1955 and in 1957 he was admitted in Crichton Royal, Dumfries, Scotland. He lived there most of his life and died unmarried on 28th August, 1971.
    • Rajkumari Ambika Kumari (from 1st wife), born on and died on from Cancer in Bilaspur. She was running children school on the lower part of her residence. She was teaching the children herself also along with the other teachers. In her Will, she bequeathed her residence (Uma Pragati Niketan) in Bilaspur to a Trust in order to operate it as a school for the disadvantaged . Her palace is under Kirti Chand's possession.
    • Rajkumari Raj Rajeshwari (from 1st wife), born on and died on from Heart Failure in Sunder Nagar Hospital. She bequeathed her Residence in Bilaspur to the Govt. of Himachal Pradesh to run as an Old Age Home, for Blinds and also an orphanage. The Will has not been executed and her palace and possessions have been taken by Kirti Chand.
    • Tikka Kirti Chand (from 1st wife) (The Palace, Bilaspur 495001, Himachal Pradesh, India). Born , educated at Chandigarh and Canada but could not complete his studies due to disability, married Kumari Karuna Kumari in 1979, daughter of Kunwar Hemender Singh of Suket, and his wife, Kanwarani Kushal Devi, and has issue, two children.
      • Rajkumari Shubhani Rajya Lakshmi, born
      • Tikka Shubhendra Chand, born O ctober, 1987.
    • H.H. Raja Dr. Gopal Chand (from 2nd wife), MA(Cantab), PhD (Cantab) (qv)
    • Rajkumar Dr SunandaChand (from 2nd wife), MBBS, MRCGP. Born on in Delhi. She received her education from City of London School for Girls, London and received many prizes, awards, and distinctions. She did MBBS and MRCGP from Imperial College London. She is GP. She married Dr Jay Singh Chauhan and has one daughter.
      • Kumari Priya Chand, born .
  • HH Raja GOPAL CHAND, 45th Raja of Bilaspur (see above)
  • Kumari Shakuntala, married Kanwar Akshay Singh of Sirmur, and has issue.
  • Kumari (name unknown), married Raja Fateh Prakash, Raja of Sirmur, and had issue.
  • Kanwar Ishwari Singh, married Kumari Krishna Kumari, daughter Kanwar Jagatjit Singh of Bashahr, and his second wife, and had issue.
  • Kanwar Khushal Singh, married and had issue.
    • Rani Rama Kumari, married Rana Surinder Singh, Rana of Mangal, and has issue.
  • Capt. Kanwar Shamsher Singh, married a daughter of Rana Raghunath Chand, Thakur of Mahilog.
  • Kanwar Prem Singh, married Kumari Padmawati Devi, daughter of Kanwar Fateh Singh of Rawingarh, and has issue.
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