Information

Dynasty

Khandavala

State

Bihar

Area

8,380.2 Square Kilometers km²

Population

2,912,611 (1901)

Hindi Name

दरबंघा

Last Updated

26th Aug, 2014

History

A town and district of British India, in the Patna division of Bengal. The town is on the left bank of the Little Baghmati river, and has a railway station. Population in 1901 was 66,244. The town is a collection of villages that have grown up round the residence of the Maharaja. This is a magnificent palace, with gardens, a menagerie and a good library. The district of Darbhanga extends from the Nepal frontier to the Ganges. It was constituted in 1875 out of the unwieldy district of Tirhut. Founded by Mahamahopadhyaya Mahesh Thakur, who received the Darbhanga raj (which includes large parts of the modern districts of Darbhanga, Muzaffarpur, Monghyr, Purnea and Bhagalpur) from the emperor Akbar early in the 16th century. The Maharaja of Darbhanga is the titular head of the highest sub-caste of the Maithils, viz. the Srotriyas (those who could recite the Vedas from memory). The Khandavala dynasty of Raj Darbhanga was governed by the rule of Primogeniture based on the "Kulachar" recognized by Privy Council and Supreme Court.
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Genealogy

  • Raja MAHESH THAKUR, Raja of Darbhanga, he was granted title of Raja and Darbhanga Raj by Akbar, married and had issue. He died .
    • Kunwar Ramchandra Thakur
    • Raja Gopal Thakur (qv)
    • Kunwar Achit Thakur
    • Raja Parmanand Thakur (qv)
    • Raja Subhankar Thakur (qv)
  • Raja GOPAL THAKUR, Raja of Darbhanga, ruled for a short time only.
  • Raja PARMANAND THAKUR, Raja of Darbhanga, ruled for a short time only.
  • Raja SUBHANKAR THAKUR, Raja of Darbhanga -/1607, married and had issue. He died .
    • Raja Purushottam Thakur (qv)
    • Raja Sundar Thakur (qv)
    • Raja Narayan Thakur (qv)
  • Raja PURUSHOTTAM THAKUR, Raja of Darbhanga 1607/1642 (1623), died sp in 1642 (1623).
  • Raja NARAYAN THAKUR, Raja of Darbhanga 1623/1642, married and had issue.
    • generation, married and had issue.
      • generation, married and had issue.
        • generation, married and had issue.
          • Raja Pratap Singh (see below)
          • Raja Madho Singh (see below)
  • Raja SUNDAR THAKUR, Raja of Darbhanga 1642/1662, married and had issue. He died .
    • Raja Mahinath Thakur (qv)
    • Raja Nirpat Thakur (qv)
  • Raja MAHINATH THAKUR, Raja of Darbhanga 1662/1684, died sp 1684.
  • Raja NIRPAT THAKUR, Raja of Darbhanga 1684/1700, married and had issue. He died .
    • Raja Raghu Singh (qv)
  • Raja RAGHU SINGH, Raja of Darbhanga 1700/1736, he obtained lease of whole of Sarkar Tirhut including Darbhanga and Muzaffarpur at an annual rent of Rs.100,000, which was a huge amount at that time. The annual revenue of Sarkar Tirhut in 1685 AD was officially returned at Rs.7,69,287. At one time, during reign of Raja Raghu Singh, Nawab Mahabat Jung, Nawab Subahdar of Behar, got jealous of the wealth of Raja Raghu Singh and imprisoned his family at Patna. Raghu Singh escaped capture and later succeeded in getting the estate back along with large grant with Mughal Governor on the condition that "Do Justice, Relieve Distress, And Put The Country In Flourishing Condition. This condition was fulfilled by Raja Raghu Singh and subsequent Maharajas of Darbhanga. He built a mud fort at Bhawara near Madhubani; married and had issue. He died .
    • Raja Bishnnu Singh (qv)
    • Raja Narendra Singh (qv)
  • Raja BISHNU SINGH, Raja of Darbhanga 1736/1740, died sp in 1740.
  • Raja NARENDRA SINGH, Raja of Darbhanga 1740/1760, adopted his distant relative as his successor. He died sp in 1760.
  • Raja PRATAP SINGH, Raja of Darbhanga 1760/1776, built a Rajbari at Darbhanga and shifted the capital to Darbhanga from Bhawara. He died .
  • Raja MADHO SINGH, Raja of Darbhanga 1776/1808, received grant of Dharampur in District of Purnea, Bihar from Shah Alam, Mughal Emperor of Delhi. Raja Madho Singh had a long dispute with British Government over revenue payment and extent of his right over the land; married and had issue. He died .
    • Maharaja Chhatra Singh Bahadur (qv)
    • Kunwar Kishan Singh, died sp.
  • Maharaja CHHATRA SINGH Bahadur, Raja of Darbhanga 1808/1839, he was granted the title of Maharaja Bahadur, as a personal distinction, he resigned his powers to his eldest son, but died shortly afterwards; married and had issue. He died 1839.
    • Raja Rudra Singh (qv)
    • Rajkumar Bisdeo Singh
  • Raja RUDRA SINGH, Raja of Darbhanga 1839/1850, married and had issue. He died .
    • Raja Maheshwar Singhr (qv)
    • Rajkumar Ganeshwar Singh [aka Babu Ghunpat]
    • Rajkumar Nitreshwar Singh, married and had issue.
      • Babu Ekradeswar Singh
      • Babu Janeswar Singhm, married Musammat Janeswari Babuain. He died sp on 18th April 1906.
    • Rajkumar Gopeshwar Singh
    • One of above, married and had issue.
      • Babu (name unknown), married and had issue.
        • Babu Madheshwar Singh, Deputy Magistrate
  • Raja MAHESHWAR SINGH, Raja of Darbhanga 1850/1860, married and had issue. He died .
    • Raja Lachmeshwar Singh (qv)
    • Hon. Maharajadhiraja Sir Rameshwar Singh Bahadur (qv)
  • Raja LACHMESHWAR SINGH, Raja of Darbhanga 1860/1898, born , educated by an English tutor, succeeded to the Raj after attaining his majority, he served as a member of the legislative council of the viceroy with conspicuous ability and moderation of view. As representative of the landowners of Berar and Bengal he took an important part in the discussion on the Bengal Tenancy Bill. He entirely devoted himself to public work and was recognized as one of the greatest nobles and philanthropists of India at that time, and as a tribute to him, his statue was installed in Calcutta in 1904 at Dalhousie Square. He died sp on 17th December 1898
  • Hon. Maharajadhiraja Sir RAMESHWAR SINGH Bahadur, Maharaja of Darbhanga 1898/1929, born , K.C.I.E. [cr.1902], G.C.I.E. [cr.1915], K.B.E. (civil)[cr.1918], Raja Bahadur [cr.1886], Maharaja Bahadur (personal) [cr.1898], Maharaja Bahadur (hereditary) [cr.1907], Maharajadhiraja (hereditary) [cr.1920], 17th in succession from the founder of the House, the premier territorial noble of Bihar, educated by an English tutor, appointed to the Indian Civil Service in 1878, serving as assistant magistrate successively at Darbhanga, Chhapra and Bhagalpur, he was exempted from attendance at the civil courts, and was appointed a member of the legislative council of Bengal, MLC of Bengal 1885, Member of Council of Governor General of India in 1899 and 1904, President of Bihar Landholder's Association, President of All India Landholder's Association, President of Bharat Dharma Mahamandal, Member of Council of State, Trustee of Victoria Memorial, Calcutta, President of Hindu University Society, M.E.C. of Bihar and Orissa, Member of Indian Police Commission 1902/1903, awarded the Kaiser-i-Hind medal in 1900, married 1stly, 1877, married 2ndly, 1901, and had issue. He died .
    • Maharajkumari (name unknown), born .
    • Col. Honourable Maharajadhiraja Sir Kameshwar Singh Bahadur (qv)
    • Raja Vishweshwar Singh Bahadur, born , in 1938, he was granted the estate of Rajnagar, the title of Raja and a pension of 30,000Rs which was later raised to 48,000Rs; he married and had issue, three sons.
      • Babu Saheb Jeeveshwar Singh, became an ascetic later in life and renounced worldy possessions, married twice and had issue, seven daughters. He died .
      • Babu Saheb Yajneshwar Singh, mentally unstable and was overlooked in the succession, married and had issue, three sons.
        • Kumar Ratneshwar Singh, presently contesting the succession to the title.
        • Kumar Rashmeshwar Singh, died .
        • Kumar Rajneshwar Singh
      • Maharajadhiraja Subheshwar Singh Bahadur (qv)
  • Col. Honourable Maharajadhiraja Sir KAMESHWAR SINGH Bahadur, Maharaja of Darbhanga 1929/1962, born , K.C.I.E., LL.D., D.LITT., Member of the Council of State 1933/1946, Member of the Constituent Assembly 1947/1950, Member of the Provisional Parliament 1950/1951 and the Rajya Sabha 1952/1958 and 1960/1962, married 1stly, Maharani Rajlakshmi Devi, died sp in 1976, married 2ndly, 1935, Maharani Kameshwari Priya Sahiba, died , married 3rdly, 1945, Maharani Kamasundari alias Maharani Kalyani Devi. He died sp on 8th November 1962 or 2nd October 1962.
  • Maharajadhiraja SUBHESHWAR SINGH Bahadur, Maharaja of Darbhanga 1962/2006, born about 1945, Indian Nation proprietor, appointed head of the Shrotriya Brahmins, who are the leaders of Maithili Brahmins; married and had issue, two sons. He died .
    • Kumar (name unknown) Singh, presently contesting the succession to the title; married Kumarani Kavita Kumari.
  • (name unknown)
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